When iron and carbon is mixed, the type of metal produced is known as carbon steel. The exact percentages of carbon and iron involved in the mixture, however, will rely on the intended use for which the metal is created, and there are a myriad of uses for carbon steel. From making fences, to bridges, to buildings, carbon steel has been a fundamental material used in the production of so much that surrounds us.
Known for its strength and durability against heat and force, it has also become a frequently utilised ingredient in the aviation industry. It is crucial that all aeroplanes undergo construction with materials that can withstand the harsh conditions and elements they encounter through take-off, flight, and landing. In this blog, we explore some of the many uses for carbon steel in the aviation industry.
Varying Percentages, Varying Applications
As mentioned above, the percentage of carbon present is based upon the demands that the final product will be required to meet. For example, low carbon steels, which will have a percentage of roughly 0.1% to 0.35, will generally be used in the aviation industry for pipe clamps, threaded solid tie rods, fasteners, safety wires, and bushings for cables. Medium carbon steels, on the other hand, with a percentage between 0.3% to 0.5%, are more suitable to be used for light forgings and connecting rods, due to the increased hardness.
With aeroplane weights ranging from 75 to 450 tons, it is imperative that their landing gears are strong enough to handle incredible amounts of pressure involved during both take-off and landing. High stability and resilience in carbon steel makes it the perfect choice for landing gear construction, as it can repeatedly be used with confidence that no wrapping or deformities will occur.
It isn’t just the landing gears that must contend with highly demanding conditions. High-speed and supersonic jets also utilise carbon steel in their ‘skin’ as it is resistant to the heat caused by the friction in the air created by such extensive speeds. It is essentially a protective layer, which is why it can be found in certain military and spacefaring crafts.
For Reliability with Your Aircraft
For many years, the aviation has benefited from the application of carbon steel in their aircrafts. Learn more about carbon steel and more vital materials in aeroplane construction from Airport Metals.